R for Spatial Statistics


Point Data As Data Frames (using CSVs)

Reading and Displaying Data

The easiest way to manage spatial data in R is as a data table. You can load data into R with a single line of code. Use the "read.csv()" function like the one below to create a comma separated value (csv) into R Studio. Take a look at the workspace and you'll see there is a new "TheData" object. Click on this object to see its contents.

TheData = read.csv('C:/ProjectsR/Clustering/TwoClusters.csv')

The sample below shows how to read a csv file into R, remove any blank lines, and then plot the data.

## load data
TheData = read.csv('C:/ProjectsR/Clustering/TwoClusters.csv')

## remove any missing entries from the data
TheData = na.omit(TheData)

## plots the points as x,y data
plot(TheData$X,TheData$Y, main="Simple Plotting Example", 
  xlab="Longitude", ylab="Latitude", pch=19)

The plot() function can be used to create graphs for a wide variety of data in R. The first two parameters are the x and y arrays and because we specified two arrays, plot() will automatically create a scatter gram.

The syntax on the last line where it says "main=..." is how you specify optional parameters for R functions. If you examine the documentation for the plot() function, you'll see there are a large number of parameters that determine how the plots will look.

Dimensions of Data

The read.csv() function will read data into a data frame object. You can get information on the data frame with the following functions.

NumberOfRows = nrows(TheDataFrame)
NumberOfColumns = ncols(TheDataFrame) 

Columns & Rows

You can manipulate the columns in a data frame:

TheDataFrame=TheDataFrame[-1] # delete the first column
TheDataFrame=TheDataFrame[-1,] # delete the first row


Additional Resources

read.table() functions

nrows(), ncols() functions

Check out  this website for other useful "na" tools: